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  1. Dutch Elm Disease

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-tree-04

    Introduced into America near Cleveland in the 1930s, this disease still kills mature elms today. Dutch elm ... generalized, affecting the whole crown from the onset, rather than beginning with individual branches. ... The spores are introduced into healthy trees when the young beetles feed on twig crotches to complete ...

  2. Jams, Jellies, and Other Fruit Spreads

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-5350

    or chopped fruits with sugar. Jams tend to hold their shape but are generally less firm than jelly. ... later. To extract juice for jelly, follow these directions: Place fruit into a flat-bottomed saucepan and ... flavor, and color. Pour everything into a damp jelly bag and suspend the bag to drain the juice. The ...

  3. Selecting, Storing and Serving Ohio Carrots

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5514

    absorb into the vegetable. Scrub well with a brush if you want to eat the peel, which contains fiber and ... redepositing of dirt and residues. Raw carrots cut into matchsticks are a popular and nutritious addition to ... a spiralizer to cut carrots into “noodles” (see recipe below_). Carrot Noodles with Peanut Sauce ...

  4. Multicolored Asian Lady Beetle

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/ENT-44

    has several bad habits. Their negative behavior and impacts can be separated into four general ... parts of the United States. Lady beetles generally are beneficial predators that consume aphids, scale ... 1975, the "Ladybug" became Ohio's official state insect by resolution of the Ohio General ...

  5. Galls of Maple Trees in Ohio

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/ENT-60

    is stimulated by a combination of plant hormones and hormones introduced into the plant during ... Vasates quadripedes  (Shimer). The structures are generally noticed first in May, about the time the ... undersurface of leaf buds. This causes the formation of a blister, which expands into a hollow bladder or ...

  6. Mold Has Grown on Your Food: What Should You Do?

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5592

    Mold and yeast are generally considered spoilage organisms as they cause undesirable changes to the ... different products. The specific food safety risk posed by mold growth varies by product. Mold is generally ... patulin concentrations. Spoiled apples should be discarded unless the final product will be fermented into ...

  7. Common Rust of Corn

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-cer-02

    weather conditions favor the development and spread of the rust fungus. Sweet corn is generally more ... always be found in corn fields throughout the growing season, symptoms generally do not appear until ... abundant on the leaves. Pustules appear oval to elongate in shape, are generally small, less than 1/4 inch ...

  8. Gas Welding Safety

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/aex-59178

    cylinders on bottom edges to move— Do not drag. Allow very little movement when transporting. General Gas ...

  9. Role of Soil Bacteria

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-36

    (2009, pg. 18) states that “Bacteria are tiny one-celled organisms generally 4/100,000 of an inch wide (1 ... µm). A teaspoon of productive soil generally contains between 100 million and 1 billion bacteria. That ... Classification Most bacteria are classified into one of the following four categories.   Bacteria shape When ...

  10. Grape Black Rot

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-24

    eventually shrivel into hard raisin-like structures called mummies (Figure 2B-C). The mummies usually remain ... is also produced in fruit mummies. In the spring, ascospores are forcibly released into the air and ... in the canopy provide inoculum much later into the season than those that have fallen to the vineyard ...

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