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  1. Sprayers for Effective Pesticide Application in Orchards and Vineyards

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-533

    vertical as opposed to horizontal, and the spray pressure is higher to help droplets penetrate into the ... droplets into the canopy is achieved. Figure 3. Sprayer with vertical boom and conventional nozzles. Photo ... into the canopy. The fan’s powerful, high-volume air flow efficiently transports the droplets to the ...

  2. Best Practices for Effective Spraying In Orchards and Vineyards

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-539

    may be preferred over others. Generally, the sprayers used in vineyards fall into two types: hydraulic ... of pesticides, some general principles apply to almost all spraying situations, including grapevines: ... general rules of application accuracy also apply to manual sprayers: Maintain a consistent walking speed ...

  3. Self-Care for the Caregiver

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5811

    yourself. As you recognize the signs of burnout, take steps to get your life back into balance. This is the ... group for disease-specific caregiving, for more general caregiving, or both. Support groups can be ...

  4. Strategies to Maximize Pesticide Deposit and Coverage for Effective Spraying in Orchards and Vineyards

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-536

    requires a slightly different approach to the application of pesticides, some general principles apply to ... and the size of the droplets sprayed Field crop sprayers generally use flat-fan nozzles that discharge ... into consideration, anyone spraying pesticides in orchards and vineyards must be extremely conscious ...

  5. Virtual 4-H Programming Through January 31, 2022

    https://butler.osu.edu/news/virtual-programming-through-end-january

    participants, we must take into consideration room size and spacing which is one of many reasons we are moving ...

  6. Strategies to Minimize Spray Drift for Effective Spraying in Orchards and Vineyards

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-535

    Orchard and vineyard sprayers are generally equipped with hollow cone nozzles that produce very fine to ... carries small droplets, or vaporized pesticide active ingredients, higher into the air. Under these ... dispersed in a somewhat vertical direction, and is diluted into the atmosphere. However, under stable air ...

  7. Slugs and Their Management In Landscapes

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-2010

    gray garden slug is the most common and is generally mottled gray to black in color. It is usually less ... after a successful mating. Eggs are generally laid on or near the soil surface and are usually deposited ... slug but is in the general range of 32 to 42 degrees Fahrenheit. The minimum temperature allows the ...

  8. Calibration of Orchard and Vineyard Sprayers

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/fabe-537

    volume so that the air being directed into the canopy replaces the air already in the canopy, but dies ... a vertical trajectory, further exacerbating the off-target movement of droplets. In general, most, if not all ... air going into the fan. The most practical and easy way to determine the location and uniformity of ...

  9. The Making of an Egg

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/vme-0021

    sizes. Egg production is initiated when the largest mature follicle or ovum is released into the ... causing the egg to inflate into its normal shape. In the shell gland, calcium in the form of calcite ...

  10. Rabies Prevention In Livestock

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/vme-0001

    from the American Association of Equine Practitioners. Although pastured animals are generally at ... animals. Generally, production animals, such as dairy cow herds and sheep flocks, are not vaccinated. The ...

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